Parambikulam is 100kms away from Palakkad and is a beautiful hill top tiger reserve which lies 300 to
1438m above the sea level with an area covering 285 sq km. The temperature in this area ranges from
15 degree Celsius to 32 degree Celsius. Parambikulam is the first scientifically managed teak plantation
of the world and also has the worlds the largest and oldest teak tree.
This wildlife sanctuary is one among the best protected ecological park in the country which consists of a
large collection tigers, leopards, Indian elephants and fresh water crocodiles. The breathtaking
landscape of the wildlife sanctuary is a true gift of nature and protected with high importance. The
reserve's claim to fame is the tiger population - which shows significant increase in periodical censuses.
According to the 2010 census, Parambikulam and surrounding sanctuaries are home to 32-36 tigers.
About 39 species of mammals, 16 species of amphibians, 61 species of reptiles, 47 species of fish, over
1000 species of insects and 124 species of butterflies have been reported from the region. The presence
of 250 species of birds offers fantastic bird watching opportunities. The lush habitats are home to some
spectacular species like the Grey-headed Fishing Eagle, the Peninsular Bay Owl, the Nilgiri Wood Pigeon,
the Black-capped Kingfisher, the Great Black Woodpecker and the Lesser Grey-headed Fish Eagle.
The reserve nestles between the Anamalai hills and the Nelliampathy hills. The reserve is credited with
the first scientifically managed teak plantation in the world which was later merged with the forest land.
Here stands the world's largest and oldest teak tree. Named "Kannimara" (corrupt version of Irish name
Connemara), the tree is believed to be 350 years old has a height of 40m and girth of 6.4m. It requires
four persons with their outstretched hands to encircle the tree.
Also we have a variety of options to stay here from houses built with wood and tree houses in locations
where you can spot wild animals. The entry to the sanctuary is restricted and needs permission prior to
the visit. Also, the accommodation options are limited as there are not private owned resorts and
hotels. Options of stay is provided by Kerala Forest Department. But, the forest department provides
day tour through the sanctuary in the presence of a well-trained guide to help the travelers spot animals
and learn more about the thick dense Parambikulam Widlife Sanctuary.